Illustration of Building Terms

Ever wondered what certain parts of your building are called? Below are few of the most common phrases you’ll hear your construction team discuss.

Building Illistration

Click on the above drawing for a larger image

Key

1 Chimney stack
2 Flashing
3 Ridge
4 Purlin
5 Slating or tiling
6 Hip
7 Felt and battens
8 Strut
9 Insulation
10 Electrical conduit/wiring
11 Soil and vent pipe
12 Cold water storage tank
13 Vent pipe with wire balloon
14 Central heating header tank
15 Rafters
16 Timber stud wall
17 Floor joists
18 Felt with stone chippings or reflective paint
19 Cement rendering
20 Overflow pipe through wall
21 Hot water cylinder
22 Cavity brick (or block) wall
23 Gutter and rainwater pipe
24 Concrete or steel lintel over opening
25 Supporting steelwork
26 Water main within ground
27 Damp proof course
28 Air brick
29 Wall ties
30 Gulley with grating
31 Solid wall
32 Floor joists
33 Surface water to soakaway
34 To main sewer
35 Interceptor trap
36 Wall plates on sleeper walls
37 Electricity main
38 Foul drain
39 Manhole